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Sistema de castas
mirsoglasnomne
Переводить лень - много терминов, но можно просто посмотреть и подивиться сложности и проработанности испанскими завоевателями темы классификации перемешивающихся рас в их новых владениях. Кстати, раса по-испански  - порода (собак, например). Помимо мулатов и метисов, и даже квартеронок там еще масса любопытных комбинаций проименовано.
“In New Spain, the sistema de castas emerged as a way of policing citizens, taxes, and labor requirements, as well as proximity to god. From the original African slaves, Indigenous People, and Spanish emerged categories like españoles (Spaniards), peninsulares (Spaniards and other Europeans born in Europe), criollos (Spaniards and other Europeans born in the Americas), indios (Native Americans), mestizos (people of unknown Native American and European heritage), castizos (people with 75 percent European and 25 percent Indigenous heritage), cholos (people with Native American and some mestizo heritage), pardos (people of European, African, and Native American heritage), mulatos (people of African and European heritage), zambos (people of Native American and African heritage), and negros (Africans). In fact, the complexities of gender, sex, and history demanded their own vocabulary and arithmetic:

1. español + negra = mulato
2. mulato + española = testerón or tercerón
3. testerón + española = quarterón
4. quarterón + española = quinterón
5. quinterón + española = blanco or español común
6. negro + mulata = sambo
7. sambo + mulata = sambohigo
8. sambohigo + mulata = tente en el aire
9. tente en el aire + mulata = salta atrás
10. español + india = mestizo real
11. mestizo + india = cholo
12. cholo + india = tente en el aire
13. tente en el aire + india = salta atrás
14. india + negra = chino
15. chino + negra = rechino or criollo
16. criollo + negra = torna atrás”

Excerpt From: Patel, Raj; Moore, Jason W.: “A History of the World in Seven Cheap Things.”
впрочем, русская Вики тоже неплоха по вопросу.

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