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Что вашему электросчётчику будет известно о вас?

Оторвались во время рекламы от экрана ТВ? Вашему "Мосэнерго" это известно ;) Встречайте The Grid! Эта книга про электросети удостоилась специального упоминания в ежегодном списке нон-фикшна от Билла Гейтса. Интересного в ней действительно много. Позволю себе приоткрыть для вас дверцу в будущее электрических счётчиков. Вернее, это уже настоящее. Вы даже не представляете, какую информацию о вас смогут передавать приборы новейшего поколения:

“A German research team proved in 2011 that a careful study of the micropatterns of electricity use made newly observable by digital meters can reveal what appliances you have running and even what television program you are watching—as long as the program is being broadcast on scheduled TV, as signatures can be compared only with known possible outputs. Similarly, researchers at the University of Washington discovered that they could tell, based on electrical signatures, which houses were watching The Lion King and which were watching Shrek 2.”

Рекламные паузы во время вечерних фильмов и сериалов энергетики тоже вполне себе отчётливо видят, не включая ТВ и не заглядывая в программу:

“In the UK, where electric kettles are common, they have a problem with something called TV pickup—a surge in demand during the ads of widely watched TV shows as television viewers head to the kitchen to boil up a spot of tea. This is a common enough phenomenon that England’s utility often has three or four of these 400-MW surges to deal with every day. In most cases, the utilities have just rolled with these expensive behaviors. With smart meters, however, they finally also have the chance to pass this cost on to us, transforming peak demand from a moment of crisis for them, and for the grid, into a moment of peak revenue.”

Bakke, Gretchen. “The Grid: The Fraying Wires Between Americans and Our Energy Future.” Bloomsbury Publishing, 2016

Cсылки для любителей почитать источники исследований:
“Researchers Claim Smart Meters Can Reveal TV Viewing Habits,” Metering.com, September 21, 2011, http://www.metering.com/researchers-claim-smart-meters-can-reveal-tv-viewing-habits/. For the research conducted at the University of Washington, see Antonio Regalado, “Rage Against the Smart Meter,” MIT Technology Review, April 26, 2012, http://www.technologyreview.com/news/427497/rage-against-the-smart-meter/. And for readers of German: Prof. Dr.-Ing U. Greveler, Dr. B. Justus, and D. Löhr, “Hintergrund und Experimentelle Ergebnisse Zum Thema ‘Smart Meter und Datenschutz’ ” (Fachhochschule Münster University of Applied Sciences, September 20, 2011), https://web.archive.org/web/20121117073419/http://www.its.fh-muenster.de/greveler/pubs/smartmeter_sep11_v06.pdf

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