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Where all the beards' gone? Куда исчезли бороды? Я обнаружил ответ.

Фотографии мужчин конца позапрошлого века демонстрируют просто исключительное увлечение лицевой растительностью. Сановных людей и монарших особо без бородищи, усов и бакенбард просто невозможно представить. По крайней мере в Европе. А затем, как рукой сняло. Читал тут замечательную книжку Survival of the Prettiest: The Science of Beauty by Nancy Etcoff и в ней наткнулся на нижеуказанный пассаж, объяснивший мне незавидную участь бороды. К слову, на полке пылится еще Hatless Jack о подобном же исчезновении мужских головных уборов, носимых всеми мужчинами от детей до стариков вплоть до 60-х гг. прошлого века. Как-нибудь и до шляп руки дотянутся :)

Вот вам Дарвин, Энгельс и генерал Гурко, для примера :)

Beards, moustaches, sideburns, and goatees emphasize the maturity and masculinity of a face, since facial hair only appears after puberty, and appears in abundance only in men. Beards also make the face appear more masculine by accentuating the size of the lower face. Psychologist Michael Cunningham suggests that baby-faced men may make themselves more attractive and more powerful-looking by wearing beards. Balding men are often victims of the baby-face effect because their receding hairlines give them the baby-like appearance of a large forehead with features set low in the face.

Facial hair has been less abundant in this century than in centuries past: (except in the 1960s), partly because medical opinion turned against them. As people became increasingly aware of the role of germs in spreading diseases, beards came to be viewed as repositories of germs. Previously, they had been advised by doctors as a means to protect the throat and filter air to the lungs. But by 1907 a Parisian scientist was walking the city with two men, one with and one without a moustache, to test the health hazards of the former. After their walk through the Louvre and other sites, they each kissed a woman whose lips had been sterilized. The residue was wiped off and dipped in a sterile solution and left standing for four days. The residue from the clean-shaven man contained merely harmless yeast, but the residue from the moustached man was “swarming with malignant microbes . . . diphtheria, putrefactive germs, minute bits of food, a hair from a spider’s legs and other odds and ends.”

Beards never quite recovered. In a 1904 article in Harper’s Weekly, a columnist lamented the aesthetic effects of seeing every male face clean shaven: “The revelations are sometimes frightful: retreating chins, blubber lips, silly mouths, brutal jaws, fat and flabby necks, which had lurked unsuspected in their hairy coverts now appear.  . . . Good heavens, he asks himself, is that the way Jones always looked?” In 1982 columnist Otto Fredrick shaved off his moustache. “To my dismay I saw in the mirror a face that I had not seen for more than a decade and I hardly recognized it. How had I acquired those deep vertical lines of discontent across both ends of my mouth?" Beards and moustaches have been used by men in much the same way that women use makeup to camouflage unattractive features and to mask the signs of aging. A well-placed moustache can make an asymmetrical nose or mouth look more symmetrical, and beards and goatees can change the apparent shape of the chin and jaw line. In psychologists’ studies, beards have a significant impact on face recognition.

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НЕ уходит борода

На мой взгляд, мода на ношение бороды или усов а ля Николай II сейчас, намного ЗАГАДОЧНЕЕ :))

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